Moroto | Napak | Nakapiripirit | Nabilatuk
Caritas Moroto Diocese in partnership with Catholic Relief Services (CRS) is implementing a five-year food security program called NUYOK funded by USAID the program focuses on four thematic areas called purpose; these as shown below;
- Foundation Purpose: Governance and Gender
- Purpose 1: Resilience
- Purpose 2: Livelihoods
- Purpose 3: Health Nutrition and WASH
Foundation Purpose: Governance and Gender
Purpose Goal: Communities and institutions capacity to improve food and nutrition security improved.
These in one way or another broadly affect nutrition and food security. In all aspects of the Nuyok activity program, the purpose seeks to strengthen traditional and formal functions, systems and actors by ensuring Government Responsiveness to community needs increased. And Community Food Security needs been prioritized by reducing gender barriers that negatively impact individuals, Households, and communities. The partners apply a gender lens to ensure women and men’s equitable participation. It is further used to address the burden of labor on women and to understand and influence social and cultural norms linked to food security and the health and nutrition of vulnerable groups.
Key Activities done : Using this approach, we have managed to train 98 Local government officials and 225 traditional decision makers on DAC-Stool model. 564 Communities trained to monitor service delivery and outcomes. Consultation meetings with the local governments on the functionality of sectoral working groups. And MCAs approach has been used to address food security needs among the communities by reaching to 564 Male change agents and their spouses through training on Gender equity and Maternal, Child Health and Nutrition.
Purpose 1 : Resilience
Purpose Goal: Community resilience to shocks and stresses improved.
Purpose 1 with the above goal covers a number of program areas as below;
Community vulnerability to risks reduced . This looks at community adoption of disaster risk management measures increased, and vulnerable households’ utilization of formal and informal safety nets increased.
Community asset management sustainably improved . This majorly focuses on community adoption of improved natural resource management (NRM) practices increased.
In order to build the absorptive, adaptive and transformative capacities of communities in Karamoja, the project employs three key approaches, and these include but not limited to;
Disaster risk management . Under this, communities and community leaders are trained on disaster risk management. These trainings are aimed at building the capacity of communities to develop their own disaster management plans, which the project calls Village Disaster Management Plans (VDMPs) detailing activities / actions a community is ready to do in order to reduce their vulnerability to shocks and stresses.
As part of disaster risk management, the project also conducts the dissemination of early warning information (quarterly weather forecast information provided by UNMA) to the end users through radios, community meetings among others, aimed at empowering individuals and communities to respond timely and appropriately to the hazards in order to reduce the risk of death, injury, property loss and damage.
Formal and informal safety nets. Community sensitization on formal and informal safety nets, facilitate the implementation of public works that address disasters through cash for work activities.
Natural resource management . Natural resource management under NUYOK Project focuses both practices on small and landscape scale. On small scale (farm), NRM involves the adoption of climate smart agriculture (CSA) practices on farmers individual plots while on landscape NRM covers a combination of villages that share responsibility for restoration of a common micro-catchment. The strategy focuses on three specific issues; increasing tree cover through tree planting and promotion of Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR) and Assisted Natural Regeneration (ANR) activities; reducing soil erosion and increasing water harvesting and promoting controlled bush burning.
5,640 project participants have been reached with disaster management interventions, 282 village disaster management plans developed. The project has also built the capacity of 69 project staff on disaster risk management, natural resource management techniques and technologies.
Purpose 2: Livelihoods (Enterprise Development and Functional Adult Literacy)
Purpose Goal: Households Income Increased
Despite reducing poverty in Uganda (ie one third of Ugandan citizens lived below the international extreme poverty line of US 1.90 a day in 2003), the majority of the population in Karamoja is chocking in poverty arising from a lack of employable skills among youth, limited access to markets and high dependency ratio of 141 compared to 97 nationally (UNHS 2016/17). But for growth to be sustained and inclusive of the poorest households it must be paired with investments in education, skills and finance, especially for vulnerable groups such as women, disabled and adolescent girls, there should be a fundamental shift in the nature of production, and a focus on firm growth and job creation.
To contribute to increased household income and inclusive growth involving participation of the most vulnerable populations, Caritas Moroto Diocese in partnership with CRS, USAID, Caritas Kotido and district local governments of Napak, Nabilatuk and Nakapiripirit, over the last one and half years has delivered a number of Services, and largely adopting various approaches: Partnerships, Enterprise & Entrepreneurship Development, Rural Community Access to Micro Finance, Increasing Financial, Functional and Adult Literacy (FAL), and delivery of Business Development Services (BDS), for building and sustaining a vibrant private sector as an engine of growth and development in Karamoja.
Interventions: Caritas Moroto Diocese had supported formation of 134 SILC groups consisting of 2,180 participants (Male 923, Female 1,887) by September 2019. The groups had saved inclusive of a social fund up to UGX 42,442,400 (USD 11,628.2) at exchange rate 3,650 UGX / USD in Napak, Nabilatuk and Nakapiripirit districts. The fund provides a pool of resources for members to borrow and repay interest to the group. In so doing it has helped to meet various financial needs of the members including to pay fees, purchase of agricultural inputs, plowing services, start income generating activities and for consumption smoothing. A jump start grant of UGX 750,000 per group has been disbursed to 545 Rural Enterprise Access Project (REAP) business groups made up of 3 female ultra-poor participants ie covering a total of 1,635 individuals. Besides the jump start grant, every REAP member is receiving a consumption stipend of UGX 70,000 per month, for 3 months aimed at cushioning the business startup capital from urgent consumption needs of the participants. For those groups that will demonstrate progressive business growth and business acumen, they will receive a further UGX 350,000 (USD 100) to boost up their businesses after six months of operation. Besides, the women groups receive a range of services that include business skills training; individual counseling and advice; development of new commercial enterprises support, information provision, business links and policy advocacy. 27 FAL instructors (Male 16, Female 11) in targeted villages have been trained on the FAL curriculum, and they have in turn helped in mobilizing and identifying 1,296 adult literacy participants, 80% of whom are female. The FAL groups have improvised local shelters to be used as classrooms in the various villages served.
Purpose 3: Health, Nutrition and WASH
Purpose goal: Nutrition of pregnant and lactating women (PLW), adolescent girls and children under 5 (CU5) improved
Purpose 3 has three thematic areas and these are Health systems strengthening, Nutrition and WASH components and these sub-components each have different goals to achieve through a holistic approaches as elaborated below;
Health Systems Strengthening
Goal: Illness in children under five, adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women reduced.
To achieve the above goal, the program looks at a number intervention areas as below;
Supporting Health Workers
Caritas Moroto Diocese through the running Nuyok project would like to build the capacity of front line health workers to be able to deliver quality health services to the most vulnerable populations of Karamoja.
The program trains health works on new Ministry of health guidelines on Management of different conditions ranging from infectious to non-infectious diseases.
Equipping VHTs in order to provide consistent services
We also build the capacity of community health workers (CHWs/VHTs) to be able to treat Diarrheal and malarial cases including active case finding and referral.
Facilitating Health centres to conduct outreach services
We facilitate the health workers to conduct integrated community outreaches as a measure of reaching the unreached in the hard to reach areas, in this regard we want to improve access, quality, coverage, Demand and achieve effective utilization of services through proper coordination mechanisms.
Goal: Household consumption of sufficient, diverse and quality foods (especially during the first 1,000 days) improved
Mother care groups on essential nutrition and hygiene actions, early childhood development and child spacing
Caritas Moroto Diocese through the Nuyok program is reaching the pregnant and lactating women, adolescent girls and Children under five years with essential hygiene and Nutrition actions through the mother care group model.
Our target participants for this interventions are the pregnant women, lactating women and caregiver of children under five years and the VHTs being the frontline trainers of the lead mothers for sustainability and attainment of lasting impact in the community.
Mother care groups mentored and supervised
As the house hold care givers who are our project participants are being reached with SBCC interventions, we intend to expedite the process of supervising and monitoring the quality of the intervention and services offered at the house hold level through the existing structures of the VHTs and lead mothers.
Training Households on food processing, preservation and home gardening techniques
The Program is supporting in build the capacity of households to process and preserve vegetables through mother care group session trainings and demonstrations.
Caritas Moroto Diocese through Nuyok program is promoting the continuous supply of Green leafy vegetables at house hold level through the construction of back yard gardens and preservation through locally made solar driers to retain the nutrient content in the vegetable.
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)
Goal: To develop and implement Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Interventions
Background: Only 1.5% household’s in karamoja own pit latrines, and 5% use shared pit latrines. Total pit latrine coverage level therefore is found to be 6.5%. The majority of the people (93.3%) do not own or use pit latrines for excreta disposal but in the bush or open field. Most of the pit latrines in the region are found in growth centers and institutions like schools, health centers and other public places.
The greatest need is for more water in the whole region, and safe water in particular; it is the center of the people’s lives. Safe water availability shows that 60% of household members use boreholes/pumps or protected springs during the dry season, and 44% during the rainy season. The same sources are used for drinking water.
87% of diseases are caused as a result of poor sanitation and hygiene (drinking unsafe water and indiscriminate disposal of excreta). However, linking diarrhoeal diseases with poor sanitation show a low level of understanding, and clearly due to lack of information.
Intervention: Significant progress towards guaranteeing access to WASH service delivery in Karamoja sub-region has been made through improved community access to clean and safe drinking water and improved hygiene and sanitation at household and community/institution level. Through the Home Improvement Campaign (HIC) Clustering approach, we have directly reached and trained 2,358 cluster members in 282 villages in appropriate hygiene and sanitation behaviors, who intern cascade the practices to secondary adopters in their communities in a bid to attain sustainable Open Defecation Free (ODF)/Model Status and prevention of diarrhoeal diseases linked to poor sanitation. This is practically attainable through routine monitoring of hygiene and sanitation improvement and ODF sustainability conducted by a dedicated field team of WASH agents based at village/community level.
Integrated Food Security Project (IFSP)-CAFOD
Integrated Food Security Project (IFSP) is one of the livelihood project of Caritas Moroto Diocese, funded by Catholic Agency of Overseas Development (CAFOD) running from Nov 2018 to October 2021 (three years), with an objective of “Improving Livelihood Security and Adaptive Capacities of Vulnerable Communities in Napak”. The interventions directly target to reach persons 600 (350 females, 250 males), with 4,500 secondary participants / beneficiaries / persons like local government officials of lorengechora sub county and Napak district.
The targeted vulnerable Community Groups are; PWDs, PWLHAIDS, Widows / widowers, Child Headed Households, Elderly women and men and youth. They are reached through; Couple model farmers groups, Community Animal Health Workers (CAHWs) group, Apiary farmers group, Fruit farmers, poultry farmers, advocacy groups and group members of Village Savings and Loans Associations (VSLAs) which is a unifying activity of all the above groups being held weekly.
-Lorengechora, Napak District
Resilience Enhancing and Capacity Strengthening on Food Security (RECS)-Caritas Korea
Resilience Enhancing and Capacity Strengthening (RECS) is a current food security project of Caritas Moroto Diocese, operating in Lorengechora sub county in Napak District. The project is funded by Caritas Korea in collaboration with Caritas Uganda, with an aim of achieving food security and improved nutrition among the most marginalized and poor communities at household level in Moroto Dioceses. Currently, the Project targets 90 farmers of thirty each community farmer group (CFG) of three groups reached through use of animal traction approach to increase production.
-Amudat | Nabilatuk | Nakapiripirit
Happy Cow Project-Misereor
Happy Cow Project is a 3 year project (July 2017 – June 2020) supported by Misereor. The project is covering a total of 20 villages, 10 parishes and 5 sub counties in the three (3) districts of Amudat, Nabilatuk and Nakapiripirit.
The goal of the project is to “Contribute towards the community resilience and empowerment of Agro-pastoral communities through livelihood support, animal health, peace and conflict management, conserve and sustain natural environmental resources”.
The Main thematic Areas of Intervention include;
The project supports communities with agro-inputs like Seeds, poultry, and goats; which are distributed to farmers, women, youth and elderly. The project also encourages communities to form Village Savings and Internal Lending Associations (VSLAs), also supports Livestock traders Association through training on Farming As a Business (FAABs).
Strengthen protection of key livelihood assets and economic opportunities for 5 targeted agro-pastoral communities of the 3 districts of Amudat, Nakapiripirit and Nabilatuk.
Peace and Conflict
Happy Cow project Promotes peaceful co-existence between agro-pastoral groups in the 3 districts and strengthen conflict resolution capabilities of local traditional institutions in the 3 districts of Amudat, Nakapiripirit and Nabilatuk.
Conserve and Sustain natural environmental resources
The project aims at Enhancing sustainable natural resource use and management and the integration of climate change adaptation strategies among the target communities of Amudat, Nakapiripirit and Nabilatuk districts.
-Amudat | Nabilatuk | Nakapiripirit
Justice & Peace Desk-donor
The Justice and Peace Desk works towards the achievement of a peaceful society in the Diocese of Moroto where human life and dignity are respected by all. To achieve this, the Justice and Peace desk works hand in hand with the Justice and Peace structures at Diocesan (Moroto Diocese Justice and Peace Commission), parish (Justice and Peace Committees, Women Groups, Youth Groups, catechists and drama groups) and school levels (Justice and Peace Clubs) in order to tackle conflict and social issues like animal thefts, alcoholism, forced marriage, environmental degradation and land conflict.
A peaceful society living in the Diocese of Moroto where human life and dignity are respected by all. Justice and Peace structures are well established, effective and self -sustaining at all levels. The community are well informed about the Justice and Peace issues like Female Genital Mutilation/early and forced marriage, alcoholism, animal theft/cattle raids, environmental degradation and land conflicts and take full responsibility of their actions and well -being. Legal frameworks and socially acceptable practices are in place to address issues of Justice and Peace within the Diocese. Law enforcement bodies are aware of the situation on the ground and effectively address issues forwarded to them
Support the establishment of a vibrant and sustainable Justice and Peace Desk at Diocesan level with competent local staff who will raise resources locally and otherwise. The desk will strengthen Justice and Peace structures in the Diocese with the necessary skills and resources to undertake justice and peace structures in the Diocese with the necessary skills and resources to undertake justice and peace work within their committees. They will continuously raise awareness on critical issues affecting the communities such Female Genital Mutilation/early and forced marriage, animal theft/cattle raids, alcoholism